Packaging Guidelines for CBD – The Role of Manufacturers in Adherence

CBD products are those that contain cannabidiol (CBD). The commonly known compounds or cannabinoids found in a cannabis plant are delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol or THC, and cannabidiol or CBD.

FDA’s Packaging Guidelines for CBD; The Roles of Manufacturers in Adherence

CBD products are those that contain cannabidiol (CBD). The commonly known compounds or cannabinoids found in a cannabis plant are delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol or THC, and cannabidiol or CBD.

THC is known to be the component that produces the “high” as a result of marijuana use. On the other hand, CBD has been garnering much attention for its possible relation to health benefits and wellness.

CBD is hemp-derived and can be acquired from the different parts of the hemp plant like the stalk, stems, leaves, and flowers. The hemp plant is also cannabis, and it contains a significantly high cannabinoid content.

Hemp plant growing

Hemp-derived products have been legalized on a Federal level through the updated Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, also known as the 2018 US Farm Bill, as long as they contain less than 0.3% of THC. The changes emphasize that the cannabis plant and derivatives should contain no more than 0.3% of THC on a dry basis are no longer controlled substances under federal law. This bill also maintained the authority of the FDA to regulate cannabis-containing products and cannabis-derived compounds under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, as well as the Public Health Service Act, section 351.

The FDA oversees the safety and efficacy of food, drugs, cosmetics, biological products, medical devices, and those of the likes. The FDA also addresses cannabis-containing products and products with cannabis-derived compounds the same way it treats other FDA-regulated products. This means that they are subject to the same requirements.

cbd regulatory labels by state

Getting to Know the State and Federal Regulations

In the United States, each state has its own regulations when it comes to hemp and CBD products. CBD sales are prohibited in Idaho, Iowa, and South Dakota per state statute. However, there are 15 states wherein sales are legal, provided that CBD labeling and regulations are followed. These states include Alaska, Indiana, Ohio, Louisiana, and Minnesota, to name a few.

Take note that there are also requirements for packaging and packaging design. In Indiana, a law has been passed wherein the manufacturer is required to feature QR codes that will lead to a detailed overview of each product. It should include details such as the batch number, ingredients, expiration date, and lab analysis information as well. CBD regulations change quickly nationwide, so it would be best for CBD companies and those in the CBD market to be updated with local regulations to make sure that the packaging of the product and the product labeling is compliant with the current requirements.

CBD Labels on Products

FDA Packaging Guidelines for a CBD Product

CBD products are not considered to be under the food and dietary supplements section of the FDCA or Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Acts of the FDA, so there is nothing there that is CBD-specific. However, CBD companies can avoid Federal warnings by following State regulations for packaging and labeling a product such as CBD oil, capsules, and tablets. The use of an FDA-approved supplement label or food label will depend on what kind of CBD product it is. For example, CBD oil can fall under food because oil is considered to be a kind of food.

The FDA is firm with its statement that these products must still comply with all applicable laws and regulations governing dietary supplements and conventional foods, as well as requirements related to safety, processing, preventive controls, and labeling.

When choosing to package for a CBD product, it is important for it to be child-resistant, especially for any ingestible hemp. Airtight packaging in green, blue, or violet glass jars or bottles is an excellent choice for packaging. These are some of the best choices and it ensures the quality of the product because glass does not absorb oils, and selecting colored containers or packagings prevents the product from deteriorating because of artificial light or UV rays.

Again, be sure to check State packaging requirements to ensure that they are in compliance. These guidelines will help those in the CBD industry ensure the quality of the packaging of CBD consumer products.

Guide to understanding CBD Labeling Requirements

What Information to Include When Packaging CBD Products

Legitimate and reputable CBD companies should include the necessary elements aside from the basic information required by the FDA. First, the basic disclaimer that it does not intend to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any kind of disease. Next, it should have the amount of active CBD in each serving, the application instructions or suggested product use, a clear indication if the CBD is full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, or isolate. Lastly, product labels should include the CBD purity level (wherein 99.9 and above are typically free of THC), and the product batch or date code. Lastly, including details such as FDA disclaimers and warnings, the contact number of the company, its website, and other details are useful to include in the packaging.

Be sure to follow labeling requirements as well and try to search for guidelines that can help you. Making sure that the label information and data included is correct shows that the company puts the safety and health of its consumers in high regard. Events wherein there is a misbranding in the product could lead to receiving FDA warning letters.

The Roles of Manufacturers in Adherence

Manufacturers and CBD companies play a vital role in ensuring the effectiveness and quality of the products they market. The CBD industry is predicted to grow immensely and the CBD market is projected to reach billions in sales in the next few years.

One of the factors that make a company successful is its ability to meet a set of standards and expectations in its industry. A CBD company should guarantee the quality of the manufacturing process by following the current Good Manufacturing Practices or cGMPs. This is a set of federal regulations required by the FDA to ensure that companies manufacture a safe and effective product in optimum facilities. Companies that follow cGMPs guarantee the identity, quality, strength, and purity of the drug products they are marketing.